Appropriate action will be defined based on the Intent (the ‘why’) of the assessment. The action may simply be the need to communicate about the resilience of the community, either within the community or to outsiders. Or more fundamentally, to monitor sources and status of resilience in their communities, or make improvements and plan for the future if there is a recognised need for change.
Action can either be defined to manage for resilience (attributes that currently enhance resilience of the system) or for transformation (attributes that may be currently hindering the system to change).
A good resource related to managing for resilience is a recent review by resilience researchers of ways to enhance resilience, distilled into seven key principles for building resilience as presentedand in the book “Principles for Building Resilience. Sustaining Ecosystem Services in Social-Ecological Systems” : 1) maintain diversity and redundancy, 2) manage connectivity, 3) manage slow variables and feedbacks, 4) foster complex adaptive systems thinking, 5) encourage learning, 6) broaden participation and 7) promote polycentric governance. You can download a summary of the book, ‘Applying Resilience Thinking’ here.